Can PCBs Cause Cancer?

Apr 23

A study from the United States Environmental Protection Agency has found a link between polychlorinated biphenyls with various health effects, one of which is non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma.

Exposure to this substance that can attack lymphocytes – which can be found in the immune system of a person – has been proven through the study of the effect of the chemicals with Rhesus monkeys, a species of monkeys that are 93% genetically compatible with human beings. The study between the monkeys and PCBs concluded with the severely affected thymus gland of the monkey. The thymus gland is responsible for the development and production of necessary hormones for the body and is highly susceptible in childhood (as it is more active in the body in the years before puberty).

There are, however, other such side effects that are attributed to exposure to these hazardous substances such as neurological defects by way of hindering things like visual recognition and learning. Exposure can cause be responsible for the rise in blood pressure or serum cholesterol, among other adverse health-related side effects. The same study regarding PCBs has stated that children born to women who have worked in factories dealing with PCBs had several decreases relating to their weight and gestation.

In 2013, Georgina Gustin of the St. Louis Post-Dispatch reported that a Missouri jury may be able to decide that it was, in fact, the fault of PCBs manufactured by the Monsanto Company as the reason as to why certain people have acquired a particular kind of cancer. This was all brought to prominence when three different residents of California filed legal action against the Monsanto Company. The rest of the article can be found here: http://www.stltoday.com/business/local/pcb-case-against-monsanto-can-move-forward-appeals-court-says/article_157256ca-d886-58a5-baaf-b46029f4201a.html

The effects of PCBs are still felt as the company manufactured things like electrical equipment, food packaging, and paint, among many other things. These were not disposed of properly as a lot of the waste can still be found in large bodies of water, which not only causes severe environmental problems but it also contaminates the supply of food and water for people and animals alike.

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Some Common Questions about Selling Mineral Rights

Feb 13

Selling your mineral rights is a major decision that you should only make if you are in possession of the salient facts. Here are some of the common questions about selling mineral rights that you should ask from the get go.
Why would you want to sell your mineral rights?

The value of your mineral rights only kicks in when you exploit the minerals that may be there. You have no real way of knowing if there is anything worthwhile down there; it will depend on many factors. However, if there is a good chance that there is, such as you are in an area known to have rich deposits of oil, for example, then the only way to get it out is to mine it. Unless you have a mining company or know how to do it, this is usually the purview of development companies. Ergo, if you want to profit from your mineral rights, then you should sell them. An alternative is to lease them out, but that brings up a whole new set of questions.

Do you need someone to sell it for you?

You don’t need to get someone to sell your minerals for you. You can do it on your own by signing the proper documents, just like with any real property. However, there is no listing for the fair market value of mineral rights like surface land or cars, for example. You may have a hard time getting the full value out of your mineral rights when the time comes to sell it, or finding qualified buyers to make it easy for you. Companies like mineral auction houses take care of those problems by listing your mineral rights in their database. This is accessible to many qualified buyers that will then bid on the rights. This way, you are sure that you are getting the best possible price that the market can hold for your mineral rights.

What happens after I sell my mineral rights?

Once you sell your mineral rights, you will immediately get a significant lump of cash to spend as you want. However, you lose all control over how the mineral rights are used. If you own the surface rights, you should know that the mineral rights owner has a right to a reasonable portion of the surface land for their mining and development operations at any time. You will no longer have any profit that arises out of these operations, if any. However, if you sell at the right price, you should feel no regrets over this.

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Need Good Information About Personal Injury Look Here!

Aug 20

There are multiple legal opportunities for a personal injury case. Knowing exactly what these options are, however, is another story entirely. You can learn more about personal injury issues by reading these tips.

When looking for an injury attorney, review online resources. Avoid calling the yelling person you see in the TV ad. Doing your research as to who you would like to represent you will yield you the best possible results.

From what I found on the resourceful website of Pohl & Berk, if you believe you may have grounds for a personal injury case, see a physician immediately. It’s important that your information be documented as soon as possible. It will be used as valuable evidence later, but by the time you have your day in court, the injuries may have healed and you will have no proof of them.

Call the police if it is at all appropriate to do so. Even if there would not be a criminal complaint, it is often a good idea to have a police officer document your complaints. This ensures that there is a solid paper trail to confirm that the event actually did occur.

Never sign something without the advice of your lawyer. When you are dealing with an insurance company the first thing, they will likely do is get you to settle with them on terms that benefit them. To ensure that you do not get ripped off by them, be sure to have your lawyer review everything you are asked to sign.

Consider the need that you are getting the lawyer for. There are many areas of expertise for lawyers, as it is imperative to find one that deals with personal injuries. Hiring a lawyer that is simply average across the board will not give you the best chance to win your case.

You should not decide to avoid legal procedures after sustaining a personal injury. However, you won’t have to now that you know what to do. Think about the tips that apply to you, and start taking the proper steps for just compensation. Getting compensated for an injury is your right.

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Avoiding a Conviction with Diversionary Proceedings

Oct 31

In courtroom dramas on television, all criminals are punished and sent to jail. In real life, however, there are jail alternatives for first-time offenders involving misdemeanors such as traffic offenses and public nuisance. In California, for example, Chapter 2.7 of the Penal Code outlines the pretrial diversion program for people charged with a misdemeanor.

A diversion program is generally run by the court, police department or the district attorney’s office. It is designed to minimize the incarceration of individuals whose offenses are not serious and for whom incarceration may not be the best option. It is typically the lawyer of the defendant to apply for this option on behalf of the client, and convince the judge that it is an appropriate measure for the crime. As pointed out in an article on the website of the Law Office of Daniel Jensen, P.C., it gives the defendant a chance to avoid prosecution and the attendant hardships of bring in jail, such as loss of employment and personal freedoms. At the same time, such a program saves the state the costs associated with a trial and subsequent prison time in the event of a conviction.

In California, an individual who qualifies for a pretrial diversion program is not required to admit guilt, but who has to complete the program requirements to the satisfaction of the governing authority. The defendant’s lawyer and district attorney will determine the elements of the program which will still constitute as punishment. Failure to complete the requirements will cause the charges to be in force once again and the individual will go through the regular process of prosecution and risk of doing the original prison time appropriate to the crime.

A diversion program is not a free pass. It counts against the offender if and when the crime is again committed after completion of the program and the charges has been dropped, unless the defendant is a juvenile. A second charge for criminal behavior will disqualify that individual from availing of the diversion program.

A diversion program may include participation in a seminar designed to prevent a repetition of the offense, avoiding circumstances that may lead to the commission of the same offense, restitution to the victim of the crime, and/or community service.

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Suffering from a Long-Term Disability Prior to Retirement

Oct 04

As the US economy is getting back from a recession, lots and lots of people are seeking employment in order to keep ends meet. With so many people vying for limited positions, it may understandable why people who get injured while working in their jobs are easily replaced. This is the reason why it is important for every worker to understand how they can get compensation, and most importantly disability claims, so that they can have some money while recuperating from sickness or injury.

Long-term disability is one of the things that can be one of the most important things that every workers needs to know – particularly since 30 percent of 20 year old workers end up with some form of a disabling injury before their retirement. Long-term disability is an insurance benefit that helps cover a portion of a worker’s salary during long periods of time where they can’t return to work. This benefit usually takes over once the short-term disability benefit runs out.

When you have been denied to claim any benefits by the long-term disability insurance company, they won’t be able to provide you any benefits, not until you have filed for an appeal or a lawsuit. If the disability company seems to be dragging their feet when it comes to paying the worker (90 days without paid disability while claiming to evaluate your claims) would call for a lawyer to help. It is essential to have a lawyer with proper knowledge of the matter to help in dealing with these insurance companies.

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Probates after Re-marriage

May 28

The death of a spouse is a very traumatic and saddening life event. Unfortunately, it also leaves the surviving spouse with many legal procedures to go through. This distressing process can add to the confusion if the deceased spouse was an ex who remarried.

When a married couple buys a property together, both own 50% of the property unless otherwise stated. Thus, even if the couple gets divorced, they both still own the property.

In some states, both formal and informal marriages are recognized. The legal elements of a common law marriage include the following: a man and woman agree to marry, live together and tell others they are married. These elements are confirmed through tax returns and witnesses to the marriage.

Unfortunately, unless the deceased spouse has explicitly re-written his or her will, their first spouse will receive the property as outlined in the document. This is why it is important to rewrite one’s will if after remarrying, divorce, or the death of a spouse.

If your spouse has passed away or you wish to revise your current will, the services of an estate attorney can help make the process more manageable. Their work can also be incredibly useful in making sure any possible mistakes are minimized or eliminated entirely.

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Tooth Care for Babies

Apr 19

Having a baby is a new and exciting adventure. One of the obstacles in caring for your child is learning how to care for his or her teeth. According to Bridgeview Dental, poor tooth care can result in many problems including cavities and gum disease, so good dental hygiene should be practiced from an early age.

In order to properly clean your child’s gums, use a wet cloth or piece of gauze to wipe her gums. Make sure to clean the gums at least twice a day, especially after meals and before bedtime.

When your child begins to grow her teeth, begin brushing with a toothbrush. Choose a brush that is soft, has a small head, and a large handle. Be wary of tooth decay in your child’s teeth. If you see irregular brown or white spots, contact your child’s dentist as soon as possible.

To avoid cavities, avoid giving your child sugary drinks such as juices and sodas. Sugar encourages bacteria to grow within your child’s mouth so it is beneficial to avoid these kinds of drinks.

Setting good oral hygiene habits early on is important as it will establish them in your child as she grows.

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Elements of Valid Informed Consent

Mar 12

Between complex medical terms and high co-pay costs, having a medical procedure can be an intimidating and sometimes confusing process. This is why doctors are required to ask for informed consent from their patients before conducting a treatment or procedure. In order for a patient to give valid informed consent, the three elements of disclosure, capacity and voluntariness must be present.

Disclosure makes it necessary for the doctor to provide a patient with the information necessary to make an educated decision. This includes disclosure of potential risks and alternative procedures. These facts must be presented to the patient in layman’s terms, such that the doctor assesses that the information has been effectively communicated.

Capacity is a term used to describe the patient’s ability to form a reasonable judgment. For example, there is no valid informed consent if the patient is in a coma or mentally disabled.

Voluntariness is the patient’s right to freely choose without outside pressures. The patient’s rejection of the treatment or procedure should not result in any penalty.

If you or a loved one feels that your doctor failed to thoroughly inform you about your options before pursuing a course of treatment, a medical malpractice attorney may be able to help you hold him or her accountable.

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“Gang of Eight” Proposes INVEST Visas for Non-immigrants

Feb 26

Lately, the US immigration process has been undergoing many revisions. The “Gang of Eight,” a bipartisan group of US senators, has proposed an employment based immigration program called the INVEST visa program. This merit-based program has two different types of visas, a non-immigrant INVEST visa and an immigrant INVEST visa.

In order to obtain a non-immigrant, renewable 3-year INVEST visa, the applicant must have a business that has created 3 or more jobs and has generated at least $250,000 in annual revenue in the US two years prior to filing for the visa. In addition, the applicant must show that there has been at least a $100,000 investment in his or her business within the last 3 years.

The INVEST immigrant visa is an entrepreneurial green card and calls for the applicant have: considerable ownership in a US business, be employed as a senior executive in a US business, have a significant role in the founding of the business, have lived in the US for 2 or more years under a legal status, have received at least $500,000 in investments and created at least 5 jobs in 3 years prior to filing or have generated at least $750,000 in annual revenue 2 years prior to filing and created at least 5 jobs.

Obtaining visas is a long process full of legal issues and pitfalls that may force the applicant to start over again. An immigration attorney can help you obtain a visa while avoiding time-consuming and costly mistakes. Contact an attorney from William Jang, PLLC, today to learn more about your options.

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Publishing in the Sciences

Feb 03

Publishing in the Sciences

Scientific publishing provides one of the most important ways in which professionals and researchers in a variety of fields can share ideas and new research with one another and is an incredibly important part of the scientific process. Academics from a variety of institutions frequently collaborate on articles and other works for publications, building on previous research and expanding the field in the process.

There are a number of different types of scientific publications, the most prominent and well-known being journal articles. There are an incredible number of academic journals tailored specifically to subjects in both the natural and social sciences, most of which can be accessed through well-known scientific databases like MEDLINE, BioOne, and Nature.

However, journal articles are not the only mode of collaboration and publication for those in the science field. Many professionals, especially in the natural sciences, hold patents together for things specialized for their scientific fields, like chemical and biological patents.

Additionally, numerous researchers are assigned tasks by government bodies, like the Office of Science at the U.S. Department of Energy, looking for research on a given issue or problem. The published reports of these studies comprise a considerable amount of the overall scientific publishing that takes place in the U.S.

Many researchers publish books, either on their own or collaboratively, on a number of topics in the sciences. Often, these books are comprised of individual articles or studies that people have published separately and decide to join together to create a more cohesive picture of a given topic or problem. Additionally, this collaborative approach is also found in textbook publishing for the sciences, as educators and researchers with specialization in a given field tend to contribute just one chapter of an overall text, with other chapters being written by experts in those respective fields or sub-fields.

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